Sunday, October 05, 2008

 

Combinations 08.10.05

Morphy against Golmayo in an 1864 Havana simul.

After the 14th move, Morphy has a knight pinned to his opponent's King. The manner in which Morphy adds an attacker to the immobilized knight is very instructive. Enjoy.

Morphy/Morphy-Golmayo-1864.pgn

Labels: , , ,

Sunday, August 17, 2008

 

Combinations 08.08.17

Morphy-de Riviere Paris 1863.

"To this day Morphy is an unsurpassed master of the open games. Just how great was his significance is evident from the fact that after Morphy nothing substantially new has been created in this field. Every player- from beginner to master- should in this praxis return again and again to the games of the American genius." ~ Mikhail Botvinnik
In this game Morphy will twice remove a defender of the g5 square and then twice setup a skewer of the c7 square.

Morphy/Morphy-DeRiviere-1863.pgn

Labels: , , , ,

Tuesday, August 05, 2008

 

Combinations 08.08.05

Morphy-Ware, New York simul 1859 at knight odds.

A pawn at at f7 is pinned to the king. Then a rook at f7 is pinned to the king. Later there is a threat of pinning the rook at f7 along the other diagonal to the queen. Finally, Morphy removes the guard at h6 to win material and simplify to a won ending.
Morphy/Morhpy-Ware-1859.pgn

Labels: , , ,

Saturday, August 02, 2008

 

Combinations 08.08.02

Morphy-Montgomery, New York simul, 1859.
This knight odds game features double attacks, clearance, pinning, and overloading.
Morphy/Morphy-Montgomery-1859.pgn

Labels: , , , , ,

Thursday, July 31, 2008

 

Daily Tactic July 31, 2008

Morphy-Julien, New York simul, 1859.
This knight odds game features a double attack and multiple deflections.
Morphy/Morphy-Julien-1859.pgn

Labels: , , , ,

Wednesday, July 30, 2008

 

Daily Tactic July 30, 2008

Morphy-Jefferson, New York simul, 1859. I am giving away the ending, but the game ends with the mating pattern know as Philidor's Legacy. Morphy sets it up with two Deflecting moves. To help learn this pattern and solidify it, practice going over the final moves in your head from move 19 to the end. Once you learn the pattern or if you already know it, go over the game in your head from move 17 onwards to practice your visualization skills.

Deflecting is forcing an enemy piece away from some useful position. In this game Morphy deflects the black queen off of the d8-h4 diagonal. Decoying is attracting an enemy piece to a square useful for you. In this game as part of the final mating pattern, a black rook is decoyed to the f8 square.

Morphy/Morphy-Jefferson-1859.pgn

Labels: , , , , ,

Tuesday, July 29, 2008

 

Daily Tactic July 29, 2008

Morphy-Conway, New York simul, 1859. This game is played at rook odds and features the tactical device of zwischenzug.
The zwischenzug (German for "intermediate move"), is a chess tactic in which a player, instead of playing the expected move (commonly a recapture of a piece that the opponent has just captured) first interpolates another move, posing an immediate threat that the opponent must answer, then plays the expected move.
Morphy/Morhpy-Conway-1859.pgn

Labels: , , ,

Saturday, July 26, 2008

 

Daily Tactic July 26, 2008

Another game from the Morhpy - Thompson match in New York, 1859 at knight odds. Today's game features a Double Attack and a Pin. In the final position there is a nice mate in two. Can you spot it?

Morphy/Morphy-Thompson-1859-2.pgn

Labels: , , , ,

Friday, July 25, 2008

 

Daily Tactic July 25, 2008

Morphy - Thompson, New York, 1859.

How good a chessplayer was Paul Morphy? Let’s look at a match he played against James Thompson, a man thought to be one of the top dozen American players. Giving him the outrageous odds of a Knight, Morphy beat him 5-2! After looking over Morphy’s games, Fischer said that, given time to study modern theory and ideas, Morphy would beat any modern player (except Fischer, of course!).

Morphy/Morphy-Thompson-1859.pgn

Labels: , , , , ,

Thursday, July 24, 2008

 

Daily Tactic July 24, 2008

Morphy-Anderssen, Paris, 1858.

Karl Ernst Adolf Anderssen ... is generally considered to have been the leading chess player in the world from 1851-1858 and 1861-1866. He was "dethroned" temporarily in 1858 by Paul Morphy, who announced his own retirement from chess in 1859...

For the next few years Anderssen was considered by many people to be the world's best player, ... Then in late 1858 he was beaten 8-3 by the American champion Paul Morphy in a famous match held in Paris, France (2 wins, 2 draws, 7 losses). Although Anderssen knew as well as anyone how to attack, Morphy understood much better when to attack and how to prepare an attack...

Anderssen played the curious opening move 1. a3 in 3 games of his match against Morphy, and broke even with it (1 loss, 1 draw, 1 win). This opening move, now referred to as "Anderssen's Opening", has never been popular in serious competition.


Morphy made it look easy against the second best player in the world. In the final position, Morphy played a strong move and then Anderssen resigned. What was Morphy's winning move? It does involve a Deflection followed (in the main line) by a Pin.
Morphy/Morphy-Anderssen-1858.pgn

Update: I am in the process of adding a mute/unmute button and when that is done I will have more posts with sound/voice.

Labels: , , , , ,

Wednesday, July 23, 2008

 

Semi Daily Tactic July 23, 2008

On the home front we will be getting a new Air Conditioner installed Friday and will be much cooler after that. We are getting a respite from the heat with some rain and more possible soon (Hello, Dolly!). Actually, I don't think Dolly is expected to affect us much in Houston except for some additional, needed rainfall.

Today's game is Morphy-Lowenthal, 1858.
He was one of the first masters to play a match against Morphy after the latter's arrival in London in 1858. Morphy won with a score of nine wins, three losses and two draws. "...I am convinced that I was vanquished by superior strength," Löwenthal said about the match, as reported by the Englishman Frederick Edge. No doubt aware that chess was Löwenthal's only source of livelihood, and conscious to not be considered a professional player himself, Morphy after winning the match stakes of £100, presented Löwenthal with a gift of furniture valued at £120 for his new house.

The very last move of the game (which I have removed) is a nice tactic featuring a Deflection sacrifice that will win due to a Pin and Skewer. A Deflection is forcing an enemy piece to move away from an advantageous square. So, what is Morphy's winning move in the final position?
Morphy/Morphy-Loewenthal-1858.pgn

Labels: , , , , , ,

Saturday, July 19, 2008

 

Daily Tactic July 19, 2008

Morphy-Potier in an 1858 Paris simul. Morphy uses a Space Clearance sacrifice and exploits a Pin to set up a fatal Discovered Check. Potier resigned before the discovered check could be played.

Morphy/Morphy-Potier-1858.pgn

Labels: , , , , , ,

Friday, July 18, 2008

 

Daily Tactic July 18, 2008

Morphy - Bornemann in an 1858 Paris simul. Morphy uses the tactical devices of a space clearance sacrifice followed by pinning the black queen to win this game.

Background music is Sonata No. 29 in B Flat Major Hammerklavier, Op. 106 - II. Scherzo Assai vivace from Musopen.

Morphy/Morphy-Bornemann-1858.pgn

Labels: , , , , ,

Thursday, July 17, 2008

 

Daily Tactic July 17, 2008

Today's game is Morphy-Baucher from an 1858 Paris simul. It features two tactical devices: the double attack and demolition of pawn structure.

Turn up the sound and enjoy Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, Op. 67 - I. Allegro con brio.

Puzzles/Morhpy-Baucher-1858.pgn

Labels: , , , , ,

Wednesday, July 16, 2008

 

Daily Tactic July 16, 2008

Morphy - de Rivière, Paris 1858.

Jules Arnous de Rivière (4 May 1830–11 September 1905) was the strongest French chess player from the late 1850s through the late 1870s. He is best known today for playing many games with Paul Morphy when the American champion visited Paris in 1858 and 1863.


Turn up the sound for Minuet - Notebook for Anna Magdalena written by Johann Sebastian Bach and performed by Aaron Dunn from Musopen.
Puzzles/Morphy-DeRiviere-1858.pgn

Labels: , , , , ,

Monday, July 14, 2008

 

Daily Tactic July 14, 2008

The colors are reversed compared to yesterday. Today it is Morphy as White against Harrwitz in Paris, 1858. The opening transposes into a Ruy Lopez: C62.

After 30. c5 Harrwitz takes on c5 with his rook setting up a combination that would not work if the rook is still on the seventh rank -- do you see why? Morphy then delivers the fatal blow with 31. ?

Puzzles/Morphy-Harrwitz-1858.pgn

Labels: , , , , ,

Sunday, July 13, 2008

 

Daily Tactic July 13, 2008

Harrwitz - Morphy, 1858 in Paris.

Harrwitz was born in Breslau (Wroc?aw) in the Prussian Province of Silesia. He established his reputation in Paris, particularly as a player of blindfold games. He lost a match in England to Howard Staunton in 1846 at odds of a pawn and two moves, and drew a match with Adolf Anderssen in Germany in 1848.

Harrwitz lived in England from 1849, and founded the British Chess Review. In 1856 he moved to Paris, where he won a match against Jules Arnous de Rivière. In 1858 he played a match against Paul Morphy in Paris. Harrwitz won the first two games, but lost the match 5½-2½. Harrwitz withdrew from the match, allegedly on grounds of ill health. He subsequently retired to the Austro-Hungarian county of Tyrol, dying in Bolzano in 1884.


In today's game I believe the simple maneuver (tactic) that Morphy executes on moves 39-41 is very instructive.
Puzzles/Harrwitz-Morphy-1858.pgn

Labels: , , ,

Saturday, July 12, 2008

 

Daily Tactic July 12, 2008

Puzzles/Morphy-Journoud-1858.pgn

Labels: , , ,

Friday, July 11, 2008

 

Daily Tactic July 11, 2008

The Opera Game was a famous chess game played in 1858 between the American chess master Paul Morphy and two strong amateurs, the German noble Duke Karl of Brunswick and the French aristocrat Count Isouard, who consulted, playing together as partners against Morphy.

The game is often used by chess teachers to demonstrate the importance of rapidly developing one's pieces, as well as other lessons.


Puzzles/Morhpy-Isouard-1858.pgn

Labels: , , ,

Thursday, July 10, 2008

 

Daily Tactic July 10, 2008

Again, Morphy-NN in a New Orleans simul, 1858. Look at the position after Black's 26th move. Can you follow the rest of the game in your head without moving the pieces? Do you think Morphy saw all of that before playing his 27th move?


Morphy-NN-1858-04.pgn

Labels: , , ,

Tuesday, July 08, 2008

 

Daily Tactic July 8, 2008

Morphy-NN in a New Orleans simul, 1858. Your basic king hunt. Major tactical operations begin on move 8 and continue until the end...


Morphy-NN-1858-03.pgn

Labels: , , ,

Monday, July 07, 2008

 

Daily Tactic July 7, 2008

Paul Morphy - NN. New Orleans,simul, 1858.
Check out Morphy's 21st move!

Puzzles/Morphy-NN-1858-02.pgn

Labels: , , ,

Sunday, July 06, 2008

 

Daily Tactic July 6, 2008

Paul Morphy - NN. New Orleans,simul, 1858.
Something a little different today: just the whole game. There are several tactical moments but I especially like the sequence beginning with Morphy's 26th move.

Puzzles/Morphy-NN-1858-01.pgn

Labels: , , ,

Friday, July 04, 2008

 

Daily Tactic July 4, 2008

Henry Bird - Paul Morphy. London, 1858.
In 1858 he lost a match to Paul Morphy at the age of 28, yet he played high-level chess for another 50 years. Although Bird was a practicing accountant, not a professional chess player, it has been said that he "lived for chess, and would play anybody anywhere, any time, under any conditions." In the New York tournament of 1876, Bird received the first brilliancy prize ever awarded, for his game against James Mason.
Bird plays Kb2 and Morphy (black) puts him away.

And the whole game:

Puzzles/Bird-Morphy-1858.pgn

Labels: , , ,

Thursday, July 03, 2008

 

Daily Tactic July 3, 2008

Medley - Morphy. London, 1858. Black (Morphy) to move and win a pawn.

And the whole game:

Puzzles/Medley-Morphy-1858.pgn

Labels: , , ,

Wednesday, July 02, 2008

 

Daily Tactic July 2, 2008

Another Morphy game against John Owen at "pawn and move" odds. Owen is known for Owen's Defense and was a strong chessplayer:

In 1858 he won a game against Paul Morphy, which led to a match between the two. Despite being given odds of pawn and the move (meaning he started the game with an extra pawn and always moved first), Owen lost the match 6-1, never winning a game.

His performance in the 1862 London tournament, the first international round-robin event (in which each participant plays every other) was more impressive - he finished third, ahead of future world champion Wilhelm Steinitz, and was the only player to win against the eventual tournament winner, Adolf Anderssen.

How incredible is it that Morphy could win a match at odds against a player of his caliber?

In today's tactic Owen takes Morphy's bishop on h3 (he should have played Qc5 instead). How does Morphy continue? And, bonus question, why does Owen resign when he does? I'll put Fritz's answer in the comments.

Puzzles/Owen-Morphy-1858-2.pgn

Labels: , ,

Tuesday, July 01, 2008

 

Daily Tactic July 1, 2008

Morphy played this game in London, 1858, against John Owen at "pawn and move" odds -- as Black and without his f-pawn. Owen moves his rook to e3 to protect the vulnerable f2 square. Can you see how Morphy finished him off?

Puzzles/Owen-Morphy-1858.pgn

Labels: , ,

Monday, June 30, 2008

 

Daily Tactic June 30, 2008

In yesterday's Daily Tactic, Morphy and Barnes played an exhibition game against Staunton and Owens. Today Morphy takes on his partner from that consultation game: Thomas Wilson Barnes. Mr. Barnes is noted for eight career wins against Paul Morphy and the Barnes Opening and Barnes Defense:
Barnes Defense is named after Thomas Wilson Barnes, an English master who, amazingly, defeated one of the greatest players of the time, Paul Morphy, with it in an offhand game played in London in July 1858

In today's tactic, Barnes will develop his knight to a3 and then Morphy's next two moves are stunning! Can you find them?

Barnes-Morphy-1858.pgn

Labels: , ,

Sunday, June 29, 2008

 

Daily Tactic June 29, 2008

After Morphy's amazing victory at New York, some suggested that a European master should come to America to play him. ... On June 6, 1858, Paul Morphy went to Europe to challenge their best chess players.... He sailed from New York on board the S.S. Arabia. He landed in Liverpool on June 21, 1858.
Bill Wall's Chess Master Profiles - Paul Morphy

In London, 1858, Morphy and Barnes play an exhibition game against Staunton and Owens. Morphy and Barnes are black and play a strong forcing move after white moves 24. Rd1. Do you see the move?

For a more accurate second move in the series (per Fritz) see the comments.
Puzzles/Staunton-Morphy-1858.pgn

Labels: , ,

Saturday, June 28, 2008

 

Daily Tactic June 28, 2008

Another Morphy game from the the first American Chess Congress. Again, against Paulsen. But today we have a look at a Morphy loss! Morphy (black) moves his rook to attack the e-pawn. Can you see how Paulsen continued?

Puzzles/Paulsen-Morphy-1857.pgn

Labels: , ,

Friday, June 27, 2008

 

Daily Puzzles June 27, 2008

Today's tactic is from the First American Chess Congress in New York in 1857.
The first American Chess Congress, organized by Daniel Willard Fiske and held in New York, October 6 to November 10, 1857, was won by Paul Morphy. It was a knockout tournament in which draws did not count. The top sixteen American players were invited. First prize was $300. Morphy refused any money, but accepted a silver service consisting of a pitcher, four goblets, and a tray. Morphy’s prize was given to him by Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.

In this game Morphy is White and Louis Paulsen is black. After Paulsen moves his rook to safety, how does Morphy put him away quickly?
Puzzles/Morphy-Paulsen-1857.pgn

Labels: , ,

Wednesday, June 25, 2008

 

Daily Tactic June 25, 2008

Morphy versus Meek, New Orleans, 1857. Meek will recapture Morhpy's Rook then it is White to move and win. A nice little finish!

Puzzles/Morhpy-Meek-1857.pgn

Labels: , ,

Monday, June 23, 2008

 

Daily Tactic June 23, 2008

We plan to feature games of Paul Morphy for the next month or so in Daily Tactic. We are going through his games in roughly chronological order. In today's game Rosseau plays d5 attacking Morphy's queen. Twelve year old Morphy plays this brilliantly! After ...d5 it is White to Move:


Puzzles/Morphy-Rousseau-1849.pgn

Labels: , ,

Sunday, June 22, 2008

 

Paul Morphy and Daily Tactic June 22, 2008

Paul Morphy was born in New Orleans on June 22, 1837 (thanks BlunderProne).

Today's Daily Tactic is Paul Morphy against No Name in New Orleans 1849. Morphy is about 12 years old at the time.

No Name plays knight takes d4 with a double attack on Morphy's Queen. When you are in a situation like this, you have to ask, are you feeling lucky? What Would Morphy Do? Or, in this case, what did Morphy do?
Puzzles/Morphy-NN-1849.pgn


Happy Birthday Paul Morphy!


In 1850, when Morphy was twelve, the strong professional Hungarian chess master Johann Löwenthal visited New Orleans. Löwenthal, who had often played and defeated talented youngsters, considered the informal match a waste of time but accepted the offer as a courtesy to the well-to-do judge. When Löwenthal met Morphy, he patted him on the head in a patronizing manner.

By about the twelfth move in the first game, Löwenthal realized he was up against something formidable. Each time Morphy made a good move, Löwenthal's eyebrows shot up in a manner described by Ernest Morphy as "comique". Löwenthal played three games with Morphy during his New Orleans stay, losing all three.wikipedia

Labels: , ,

Friday, June 20, 2008

 

Daily Tactic June 20, 2008

Paul Morphy in 1849 New Orleans. His opponent does not put up the best defense but, I guess, the pain is over quicker that way and it makes for a prettier finish. Black to move.
Puzzles/MacConnel-Morphy-1849.pgn

Labels: , ,

This page is powered by Blogger. Isn't yours?

Subscribe to Posts [Atom]