Friday, August 01, 2008

 

Combinations 08.08.01

I'm going to be continuing the "Daily Tactics" series but under the name "Combinations." I'm changing the name because I think "Combinations" is more specific for what I am usually describing (all chess moves are tactics, not all tactics are combinations) and dropping "Daily" as I have not kept up to that frequency.

Today, we have no pictures, just words. :)

Here are some commonly used terms when discussing chess tactics and combinations.

attraction: to attract an enemy piece onto an unfavorable square (Winning Chess Tactics for Juniors by Lou Hays, p. 57).

combination: a rearrangement of the connection of pieces of both sides, which forces a coordinated connection of contacts, which is advantageous to one side. (Chess Tactics for Advanced Players by Yuri Averbakh, p. 211).

clearance: to clear a square or uncover a line (Winning Chess Tactics for Juniors by Lou Hays, p. 61).

decoy: see attraction.

deflection: see diversion.

diversion: divert an enemy piece from an important post (Winning Chess Tactics for Juniors by Lou Hays, p. 73).

double attack: a simultaneous attack on two enemy pieces. (Winning Chess Tactics for Juniors by Lou Hays, p. 45) Or, more generally, two or more simultaneous "attacks and threats of the first or second order." (Chess Tactics for Advanced Players by Yuri Averbakh, p. 54).

overloading: the exploitation of an enemy unit which must protect at least two other important pieces (or squares). (Winning Chess Tactics for Juniors by Lou Hays, p. 67).

pin: an attack on an enemy piece which is situated on a straight line (i.e. a file, a rank or a diagonal) and in front of a more valuable piece (Winning Chess Tactics for Juniors by Lou Hays, p. 25).

space clearance: see clearance.

strategy: a plan designed to achieve a particular long-term aim.

tactic: an action or strategy planned to achieve a specific end.


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